Wills Auto Parts, Abuja, Nigeria – Willsparts.com


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Signs Your Car Transmission Needs Attention

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A car transmission is an essential component of a vehicle’s drivetrain system. Its principal duty is to transfer power from the engine to the wheels, allowing the vehicle to travel forward or backward at varying speeds. Car transmissions come in various types, but the most common ones are manual and automatic.

  • Manual Transmission: A “stick shift” or “standard” transmission requires the driver to manually shift gears with a gear stick and a clutch pedal. It usually features a series of gears that the driver can change depending on the desired speed and driving conditions.
  • Automatic Transmission: In contrast, an automatic transmission switches gears without the driver’s assistance. It employs a complicated hydraulic system, planetary gear sets, and torque converters to seamlessly switch ratios dependent on vehicle speed, engine load, and throttle input.

Both types of transmissions perform the identical function of delivering power from the engine to the wheels, but they operate differently and offer distinct driving experiences.

Functions of Car Transmission:
  • Power Transfer: The transmission system connects the engine and the wheels, allowing power to flow smoothly. It allows the engine to engage and disengage from the wheels smoothly. 
  • Leverage Adjustment: By altering gear ratios, the gearbox system optimizes the leverage between the engine and the wheels, resulting in efficient acceleration and cruise.
  • Speed Reduction: It reduces high engine speeds to meet the intended vehicle speed, resulting in smooth operation.
  • Directional Change: The transmission system facilitates a 90° turn of the drive, directing power from the engine to the car wheels.
Car Transmission Issues
1. Gears That Don’t Switch
  • Issue: Your vehicle struggles to switch between gears, or it might not switch at all in severe cases.
  • Possible Causes:
    • Low transmission fluid: Insufficient fluid can lead to stubborn gears.
    • The wrong type of fluid: Using the incorrect transmission fluid can cause gear-switching problems.
    • Excessive line pressure: A clog or malfunctioning transmission shift solenoid may lead to this issue.
  • Action: Check your transmission fluid level and quality. If necessary, consult a mechanic for further diagnosis and repair.
2. Slipping Gears
  • Issue: Your car or truck changes gears unexpectedly, accelerates poorly, or struggles to shift smoothly.
  • Indicator: Very high engine RPMs (over 3,500) during gear changes.
  • Possible Causes:
    • Extensive mechanical wear: Worn-down transmission parts may need replacement.
    • Old transmission fluid: Regular fluid changes are essential to prevent slipping gears.
  • Action: Seek professional assistance promptly to address slipping gears and prevent further damage.
3. Leaking Transmission Fluid
  • Issue: Puddles of reddish-brown fluid under your vehicle.
  • Possible Causes:
    • Damaged seals or gaskets: These can lead to fluid leaks.
    • Cracked transmission housing: Physical damage may cause leaks.
  • Action: Inspect for leaks and address them promptly. Low fluid levels can harm your transmission.

4. Burning Smell

  • Issue: A distinct burning odor, especially when driving.
  • Possible Causes:
    • Overheating transmission: Friction and excessive heat can cause this smell.
    • Worn-out clutch components: Clutch issues may contribute to the odor.
  • Action: Investigate the source of the smell and consult a mechanic if needed.

5. Shaking and Jerking

  • Issue: Your car vibrates or jerks during gear changes.
  • Possible Causes:
    • Transmission misalignment: Damaged mounts or misaligned components can cause this.
    • Faulty torque converter: A malfunctioning converter affects smooth gear transitions.
  • Action: Diagnose the issue promptly to prevent further damage to your transmission.

6. Unusual Noises

  • Issue: Whining, clunking, or humming sounds during gear shifts or in neutral.
  • Possible Causes:
    • Worn-out gears or bearings: Mechanical wear can lead to noise.
    • Damaged transmission components: Internal issues may cause unusual sounds.
  • Action: Seek professional evaluation to identify and address the noise’s source.

Remember that a well-maintained transmission provides smooth driving and increases the longevity of your car. Regular fluid checks, prompt repairs, and professional inspections are required. If you suspect car transmission issues, don’t hesitate to visit a professional to keep your car running smoothly.

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